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Friday, 25 November 2016

Green Revolution : A Battle against World Hunger

Norman e borlaug is the father of green revolution

During the 19th century , the population grew geometrically while Agriculture grew at a linear rate and there came a time of dire food shortage with no visible solutions to feed the world's growing populace . It war was the period when Second world war had broke out, many people died due to starvation mainly in the developing nations and the countries affected by the Second World War , therefore Agriculture needed a transformation in order sustain the food requirements of the growing population. While the world fought battles , Dr. Norman Borlaug "Father of Green Revolution " and Agriculture's greatest spokesperson  was fighting a very different kind of battle , a battle against hunger and his weapon of choice was "Biotechnology". He revolutionized the agricultural industry through his remarkable work in Plant Breeding. His work in the field of Agriculture saved billions of life and he was awarded The Noble Peace Prize in 1970 for his remarkable. Dr Norman Borlaug is remembered for saving a billion lives because if not for his work millions of  people would have lost their lives due to severe food shortage particularly in developing countries thus Dr Norman Ernest Borlaug is forever known as "The Father of Green Revolution".

Green Revolution

The term  Green Revolution was used for the first time by former director of US agency for international development William Gaud to indicate the productivity based improvement in food production mainly in Wheat and Rice, Green Revolution began in 1943 , when plant geneticist Norman Borlaug and his team of researchers arrived on Mexican soils , the main components of Green revolution  were High Yielding varieties , chemical fertilizers and plant protection chemicals .  Dr Norman Borlaug believed that Biotechnology was the only means through which the Agricultural productivity could be increased , his goal was to improve the agriculture techniques and biotechnological methods which in turn would improve the yields and thus the living standards of the people of  developing countries , By creating new genetically modified strains of Wheat , Rice , Maize and other crops Borlaug planned to win his battle against the world hunger  .  He developed a new strains of dwarf , disease resistant  high yielding varieties of Wheat , he also created a new  Wheat-Rye hybrid called Triticale which yielded 2 to 3 times more than the local varieties and this technique was later on adopted to develop new varieties of high-yielding rice , this resulted in rapid expansion of agriculture and the yields of food grains shot up nearly 3 to 4 times  . Thus The Green Revolution made agriculture more reliable and more efficient and  thereby made  many developing countries nearly self-sustain.
After the success in Mexico , Borlaug traveled to India and Pakistan in 1961 . Borlaug applied the Biotechnological techniques and spread its knowledge in those countries which resulted in the increase in the productivity , Hence India became self-sustain and today it is one of the most successful rice producing and exporting nations in the world. The Green Revolution was also spread to numerous hungry nations helping them to expand their agriculture industry .

Norman Ernest Borlaug

Norman Borlaug, with his innovation, hoped to save the life of millions , if not billions of people , he revolutionized the trend in Agriculture giving the world the strength to battle against hunger. Borlaug's research was also symbolic of the importance agriculture had gained in the global community .
Borlaug received his B.Sc. Biology in 1937 and Ph.D. in plant pathology and genetics from the University of Minnesota in 1942. He was appointed as a research scientist in Mexico for improvement of Wheat , during this time he developed new dwarf and disease resistant and high yielding varieties of wheat. Amid the mid-twentieth century, Borlaug drove the presentation of these high-yielding varieties consolidated with cutting edge horticultural creation systems to Mexico, Pakistan, and India. Therefore, Mexico turned into a net exporter of wheat by 1963. Somewhere around 1965 and 1970, wheat yields almost shot up three times  in Pakistan and India, incredibly enhancing the sustenance security in those countries. These modern techniques were also adopted in other crops which resulted in a tremendous increase in the yields of the food grains especially Rice , Wheat, and Maize. This series of progress that took place in the field of agriculture is was forever known as The Green Revolution and Dr. Norman Borlaug is called as the father of Green Revolution for the green revolution was the child of his efforts , Norman Borlaug saved billions of lives from starvation and showed them the new path to self sustain themselves , hence in recognition of his honest contribution towards the food supply , he was awarded the Nobel Peace prize in 1970 and he has received honors from 44 universities .  Borlaug served as chief of the Inter-American Food Crop Program (1960–63) and as the executive of the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, Mexico City, from 1964 to 1979. In 1986 Borlaug created the World Food Prize to respect people who have added to enhancing the accessibility and nature of sustenance around the world.
Dr. Norman died at the age of 95 on 12th September 2009 due to Lymphoma.


- Norman Borlaug