Sikkim has inspired the whole nation to go back to its roots by becoming the first fully organic state in India. With a population of about 6 lakh, Sikkim is the least populated state and it is mainly an Agrarian economy . The main crops cultivated in Sikkim are Rice , maize, millet, wheat, barley, oranges, tea, and cardamom. Despite the state's poor topography and transport system, Sikkim has successfully managed to expand its agriculture .
In 2003 The state's Chief minister Shri Pawan Chamling initiated the Sikkim organic mission and the state has achieved complete chemical free environment becoming India's first organic state in 2015. Over 70,000 hectares of the farm have been converted and certified as organic lands, this has improved their soil structure and fertility also reduced their cost of production by 30 percent since the cost incurred on synthetic chemicals is omitted. Besides these, their yields have leaped up over years and currently Sikkim is one of the major supplier of organic products in the country. In addition to these, by following organic farming they are promoting Subsistence farming, conserving their soil structure and fertility and conserving their environment as well. The states unemployment has decreased completely and Sikkim has achieved considerable progress in its economy since 2003 and now it has joined hands with organic states of other countries like the United States.
How did Sikkim become full Organic:
The state's Organic mission was initiated in 2003 by the Honorable Chief minister of Sikkim Shri Pawan Chamling. He stressed the importance of organic farming, he promised the farmers to provide exclusive retail outlets of organic products and also added a small portion about the organic farming in the textbooks of all schools.
Sikkim department of Agriculture prepared a concept paper called Going for Organic Farming in Sikkim" and also an action plan in 2003 with main objectives : Promoting organic farming, discouraging the use of chemicals, setting up marketing facilities for organic products and preparing policies regarding organic farming.
Sikkim State Organic board was also constituted in the same year to highlight and prescribe the organic standards of farms.
Discouraging the use of Chemical Fertilizers and Pesticides :
The state withdrew the subsidy on the chemical fertilizers .From 2006-07 onwards transport and taking care of endowment and commission to retailers were additionally pulled back. All the while, the Government embraced a seven-year plan to wipe out the utilization of substance composts and to bit by bit supplant them with natural sources.
Resource Mobilizing :
1. Making of provincial manure units at farmstead.
2. Setting up of vermicompost units
Foundation of biofertilizer unit
3. Upgradation of soil testing research center
4. Revision of acidic soil
5. Organic certification.
Two Government ranches at Nazitam (East Sikkim) and Mellidara (South Sikkim) were changed over to "Focal point of Excellence for Organic Farming" and vital research and versatile trials were begun to work out a fitting natural bundle of practices.
Development of Bio Villages:
To begin with physical stride towards the transformation of Sikkim agribusiness to organic was the reception of bio-town program utilizing EM (effective microorganisms ) innovation. Beginning from 2003-04 till 2009-10, 396 villages were adopted as bio-villages by the Department of Food Security and Agriculture Development as a team with Maple Orgtech Pvt. Ltd, Kolkata. Around 14,000 ranchers and 14,000 sections of land of land in all the 4 areas of Sikkim were profited under the program.
The State has set up well-equipped soil testing facility with an annual capacity of 10,000 soil sample analysis. During the six years, more than 46,993 soil samples were analyzed and more than 46,000 soil health cards were issued.
Finally, with combined efforts of the Government and farmers, Sikkim finally achieved its goal of complete chemical free farming . The state was announced as the county's first fully organic state on January 18, 2015, and it has made every other state look back towards it and has inspired many other states to turn into organic.